COVID – 19
Facts, information and advice
Why do you need to self-isolate?
The virus is transmitted mainly via respiratory droplets that people sneeze, cough, or exhale. The virus can also survive for several hours on surfaces such as tables and door handles.
The incubation period for COVID-19 (i.e. the time between exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms) is currently estimated at between two and 14 days. At this stage, we know that the virus can be transmitted when people who are infected show flu-like symptoms such as coughing. There is evidence suggesting that transmission can occur from an infected person with no symptoms; however, uncertainties remain about the effect of transmission by non symptomatic persons on the epidemic
When people with Covid-19 develop a cough and fever, this is a result of the infection reaching the respiratory tree – the air passages that conduct air between the lungs and the outside.
The lining of the respiratory tree becomes injured, causing inflammation. This in turn irritates the nerves in the lining of the airway. Just a speck of dust can stimulate a cough. If the air sacs then become inflamed, this causes an “outpouring of inflammatory material [fluid and inflammatory cells] into the lungs and we end up with pneumonia.”
More detailed information is available at:
NHS advice is:
Stay at home to stop coronavirus spreading
Everyone must stay at home to help stop the spread of coronavirus.
You should only leave the house for 1 of 4 reasons
– Shopping for basic necessities, for example food and medicine, which must be as infrequent as possible
– One form of exercise a day, for example a run, walk, or cycle – alone or with members of your household
– Any medical need, or to provide care or to help a vulnerable person
– Travelling to and from work, but only where this absolutely cannot be done from home
These 4 reasons are exceptions – even when doing these activities, you should be minimising time spent outside of the home and ensuring you are 2 metres apart from anyone outside of your household.
For further advice for people at high risk:
Carers Federation advice for carers
- Register as a carer with your doctor especially if you are a young carer
- Keep up to date with information through the NHS and Carers UK websites
- Check local community facebook pages for support being organised in your area
- Continue to make contact with your support worker at Carers Federation. Their details are on our website
- Contact your local carer support service for additional support
Carers Federation 0115 9629310
Carers Hub 0115 824 8824
For Social Care
Phone 0300 500 8080